Language Milestones – 1 Year Old

1 Year Old

Understanding LanguageUsing Language
Understands around 50-300 words at 18 monthsUses at least 20 words by 18 months
Follows one-step directions (e.g., get the book, kiss the baby, etc.)Uses one-word phrases to communicate and moves into using two-word phrases by the end of the first year
Identifies some simple body parts (e.g., nose, eyes, head, etc.)Makes eye contact during communication
Shows interest in simple picture booksUses raising intonation to ask yes/no questions (e.g., "More?")
Understands basic yes/no questionsSays more words every month and tries to imitate new words
By 18 months understands simple 'wh' questions, such as what, where and whoEngages in approximately 5 communicative acts/min during free play with an adult
Identifies common or familiar objects in books when askedVocabulary includes nouns, verbs, social words, rejection words and words that are part of communicative games
Understands words for objects out of sightDirect an adult's attention to look at something (e.g., point to an airplane in the sky)
Engages in cause and effect play with toys and simple symbolic play emergesInitiates turn taking games with an adult (e.g., rolling a ball)

Language Milestones

1 Year Old

It is important to monitor your child’s language development milestones right from birth. The following provides a general guideline for behaviours your child should be demonstrating by a specific age for healthy language development.

This chart is meant for informative purposes only and is not a substitute for a speech and language assessment. If you have questions or concerns regarding your child’s speech and language development it is recommended you discuss this with your doctor or contact a local speech-language pathologist where you are living.

From Birth To First Words: Activities to Support Your Baby’s Language Learning Journey In the First Year Of Life