Developmental Order of Prepositions

Prepositions are words that describe a relationship between nouns or pronouns. Early on children use these kinds of words to describe locations and directions of things. It is expected that certain prepositional terms be used in a child’s vocabulary by certain ages.

PREPOSITION TYPEAGE (in years;months)
Location
In2;0 - 2;6
On2;6 - 3;0
Under2;6 - 3;0
In front of3;0 - 4;0
In back3;6 - 4;0
Next to3;0 - 4;6
Beside3;0 - 4;6
On top3;6 - 4;0
Between4;0 - 4;6
Ahead of5;0 - 5;6
Behind5;0 - 5;6
Above6;0 - 6;6
Direction
Off2;0 - 2;6
Out of2;6 - 3;0
Away from2;6 - 3;0
Over3;0 - 3;6
Toward3;0 - 3;6
Up3;0 - 3;6
Down2;6 - 5;0
Around3;6 - 4;0

From Birth To First Words: Activities to Support Your Baby’s Language Learning Journey In the First Year Of Life